what was the gravensteen castle used for

At the heart of the fortress is the keep with its gruesome donjon. The Gravensteen functioned as the center of the Count's power during the early Middle-Ages. Contents[show] History The present castle was built in 1180 by count Philip of Alsace and was modeled after the crusaders castles that Philip of Alsace encountered while he participated in the second crusade. In later centuries parts of the moat silted up and houses were built against the outer castle walls, hiding the castle from view until around 1900. Prisoners were interrogated in the fortress and many of them were tortured. A great castle in a great city. At present this castle residence can not be visited. Water and rack in the torture museum in the Castle of the Counts, Ghent, Belgium ( CC by SA 2.0 ). It is a medieval castle built in 1180 and located in Ghent, East Flanders in Belgium.It was only occupied by anyone other than the owners one time, on November 16, 1949, when 138 students from the University of Ghent took over the castle to protest an increase in the price of beer. The rates for the museum were 10 … Thoth’s Enigmatic Emerald Tablets May Provide the Answer, White Skin Developed in Europe Only As Recently as 8,000 Years Ago Say Anthropologists, Nilometers: Ancient Egypt’s Ingenious Invention Used Until Modern Times, The Pyramid Complex and the Hopi: Creation Myth Sheds Light on Building Plan. Recommended! Most people are familiar with the story of Atlantis, the legendary sunken city as described by the ancient Greek philosopher Plato. By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Ventureinside the castle’s former torture chamber, which now serves as a museum dedicated to judicial objects. Gravensteen is a museum in Ghent in Belgium. Gravensteen Castle was a terrific place to visit. No one has lived in the building for centuries, yet it is neither empty nor abandoned! The castle was then used as a courthouse, a prison and eventually decayed. The Gravensteen is a castle in Ghent originating from the Middle Ages. In the 11th century, Count Robert I had the castle drastically rebuilt. The Ainay-le-Vieil Castle, also famous as Château d’Ainay-le-Vieil, is located in a small village which interestingly enough carries the same Read more Historical Castles In c. 1180, the castle burned down, presumably by accident. Also known as the Castle of the Counts, today this historical building is a tourist attraction, wedding venue and location for a variety of cultural activities. He had the old wooden hall replaced by a rectangular stone keep, 3 stories high, surrounded by new wooden auxiliary buildings and a defensive enclosure with a wall tower. The Gravensteen is a castle in Ghent originating from the Middle Ages. Gravensteen is a well preserved medieval castle, located in Ghent in the Flemish region of Belgium. When the Counts moved to a new residence in the late 14 th century, the castle remained an important military site and was also used as a prison by the Council of Flanders. An administrator was put into place to take care of the daily routines. The former courtroom features the collection of judicial objects. Count Louis II moved out of Gravensteen Castle in the first part of the 14th century because he desired a more comfortable residence. Houses were built against the walls and even on the courtyard and the stones of the walls were used to erect other buildings. The old medieval castle did not look so very different from Ghent’s other typical working class districts. I attended the University of Maynooth 2003-2008... Read More. With origins dating to the ninth century, Gravensteen Castle’s current building is circa 1180, when it was commissioned by Phillip of Alsace. Inspect the iron collars, neck restraints and thumbscrews of the museum’s fascinating but grisly collection. Gravensteen © Simon Montgomery As the seat of the Council of Flanders the castle was used as a courthouse and a prison from the fourteenth to the eighteenth centuries, and the accused were held in the dungeons there before or during their trials. Later the defensive wall and the wall tower were rebuilt in stone and a stone gate tower was added. At the end of the century the cotton mill and the laborers moved out, leaving Gravensteen Castle almost as a ruin. Dinner Invitations for Famous People from the Past, Harvard Scientists Say That There May Be An Ancient Earth Inside Earth, New Tech Reveals Origin Of Egyptian Mummies’ Skin Color. People who were mentally ill were also subjected to horrendous abuses, such as having a pear-shaped wooden ball placed in their mouth, secured with a rope around their head, to prevent them from making noise. At present Gravensteen Castle can be visited for a fee. This, in turn, was used to predict the fortunes of the annual harvest, the taxes to be imposed (which determined the revenues of the state), as well as the prices of foodstuffs. Ghent (East Flanders, Belgium) in the Discussion about Early Towns and Artisan Production . In 1949 the castle was shortly occupied by protesting local students. The Castle of the Counts also hosts all kinds of cultural activities, events and … Arnulf I (918–965), Count of Flanders, was the first to fortify this place, building a medieval bastion on this high sand dune, naturally protected by the river Leie and its marshy banks. Etruscans Transported Bees by Boat to Reach the Best Flowers! Was Moloch really Ba’al, the Ancient God Who Demanded Child Sacrifice? The Gravensteen Castle was first built by Count Philip of Alsace in 1180, long before Belgium was a country. An audio guide is available to visitors in various languages, which provides information on the castle as you explore. Used for centuries as a residence for the Counts of Flanders, the castle was later used as a prison (complete with torture chambers), a courthouse, and a … During the 19th century the castle was used as a cotton mill and habitation for the laborers and their families. The main gateway is up narrow and winding stairs. In 1353, the castle was used as the Ghent mint. At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. Top image: Gravensteen Castle in Ghent, Belgium           Source: Kurt De Bruyn / Adobe Stock, De Vries, A. We walked up to the grand structure, flags on the top of the towers flapping in the wind. The Council was located in the castle until 1778, when Gravensteen began to sell to the public. The castle stayed the administrative center of the county. The name means 'castle of the counts' in Dutch. Some were stretched on the rack and had water poured down their throats via a funnel until they swelled. In a literal translation, the palace means "castle of the Count." It then consisted of a hall atop a small hill surrounded by other buildings, everything was built out of wood. Gravensteen’s historical highlight is its dungeon and torture chamber. In the 9 th century AD, Baldwin II built a wooden fortress on the site of the current castle, constructed to defend the area from the Vikings. Your emailaddress will not be used except for communication about this report if necessary. Gravensteen Castle was restored in 1885 and now serves as a … Paleo rock art from around the world ranges in style, method, and age, and includes cave paintings, petroglyphs, pictographs, polished and engraved stones such as effigies, stone sculptures, and portable ceremonial objects. In the donjon, the innermost keep beneath the fortress, captives suffered gruesome torments even by the standards of the Middle Ages. The former chapel in Castle Gravensteen ( bbsferrari / Adobe Stock). Geeraard de Duivelsteen Castle is nearby. Count Arnulf I had the fortification completely rebuilt during the 10th century. Adjacent to the keep the Lord’s Hall, now completely restored, is where once the Count of Flanders held court. 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Gravensteen Castle, locally simply known as Gravensteen, lies in the city of Ghent, in the East Flanders province in the Flemish region in Belgium. Star Gazing at Cheomseongdae - East Asia’s Oldest Observatory, The Ottoman Empire: 600 Years of Domination, The Megalithic Mystery of the Greek Dragon Houses, The Colossal Head of Decebalus, King of the Dacians. The current castle dates from 1180 and was the residence of the Counts of Flanders until 1353. In times of peace the castle mainly served as a symbol of power and strength, then as a building for representative actions and as a court - and only lastly as a place to live in. There is currently no additional information available regarding Gravensteen. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. Ancient Origins © 2013 - 2020Disclaimer - Terms of Publication - Privacy Policy & Cookies - Advertising Policy - Submissions - We Give Back - Contact us. At one time it even served as a factory. During the 19th century the castle was used as a cotton mill and habitation for the laborers and their families. When the city of Ghent took over Gravensteen it initially became the municipal mint. McFarland, Available at: https://books.google.ie/books?hl=en&lr=&id=CXCeCQAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=gravensteen+castle++history+of+flanders&ots=sNXSl1ZaXg&sig=dYkMcOaj2zPZ7ihdp85eLOrsGB0&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=gravensteen%20castle%20%20history%20of%20flanders&f=false, My name is Edward Whelan and I am from Limerick in the Republic of Ireland. The entire site was moated. Who Really Built the Pyramids of Giza? The origin goes back to a wooden building that was probably built by the Vikings on the remains of a Roman settlement. Alas, it was not permitted to take pictures inside the castle due to insurance terms. The walkways and walls of Gravensteen Castle in Ghent, Belgium ( Sergey Kelin / Adobe Stock). This fortification grew out to be the seat of the Counts of Flanders, hence its name 'Gravensteen', which literally translates back to 'Stone of the Counts'. Gravensteen Castle actually used to be a house of torture and injustice. One of the more majestic castles in Belgium is The Gravensteen (which in Dutch means the “Castle of the Counts”). Thankfully the local municipality chose to restore the medieval fortress authentically under the direction of the architect Joseph de Waele. From 1180 to the 1350s the castle was the official residence of the Counts of Flanders , who lived in great opulence and luxury. View of Ghent from the top of the Gravensteen Castle, Belgium ( woojin / Adobe Stock). A fee is charged to enter the castle where there are a great many exhibitions and several fun things to do. The castle is located in the heart of Ghent. The Castle of the Counts is a medieval fortress in the city centre with charming corridors, narrow tower stairs, high rooms, and real battlements. The Man Who Stopped a Desert Using Ancient Farming, Han Purple: A 2,800-year-old artificial pigment that quantum physicists are trying to understand. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. Philip of Alsace built today’s castle from 1180 to 1200. All areas are accessible and the views from the walls are not to be missed. Only the old entrance gate served as a reminder of its medieval past. Thank you for your contribution. We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives. The Gravensteen is a medieval castle at Ghent, East Flanders in Belgium. Executions happened inside or in front of the gatehouse. The Gravensteen, like we know it today, has been constructed by Fillips of Alsasse who was count of Flanders between 1157 and 1191. There were 15 sections to the castle which included a room dedicated to torture devices and an interesting dungeon.The view of Ghent at the top of the castle is breathtaking. The grand castle in the middle of the city was a no-brainer on the “must visit” list. Today, this restored fortress is one of the most famous historic sites in all the region. Prisoners were interrogated in the fortress and many of them were tortured. Castles and fortified cities of Medieval Europe: an illustrated history . They were not successful. The halls and chambers beneath the castle are now used as a number of museums, such as the arms museum where armor and military memorabilia can be seen. They can be considered an obscure side of Egyptian mythology, characterized by events where myth seems to meet history. (2007). Not necessarily. Flanders: a cultural history . 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The medieval castle of Gravensteen is one of the symbols of Ghent. The fortress was based on castles that had been built in the Crusader states , in what is now Israel and Lebanon. Tickets for Gravensteen Castle are available on the spot but take a long time to purchase at times because of heavy rush. The Gravensteen Castle was built during the period of Crusades to serve as a look out for the entire city and was also the seat of power from where the Count used to rule. Do you think that today’s mad-dash grab for the hottest toys is just a phenomenon of modern times? In the past as in the present, where we find children, we find toys, as shown by the fascinating examples of ancient toys that still charm our kids today, A new analysis of two 7.2 million-year-old fossils belonging to a hominin species nicknamed “El Graeco” from Mediterranean Europe, suggests that mankind emerged in Europe and not in Africa. The new study could reshape history, since it openly challenges the “out of Africa theory.”. He built the almost 30 meters high keep, the barbican in front of the gate tower and the defensive wall with its 24 protruding turrets. The Knights of Blanik Mountain Are Ready to Face the Darkest Hour, The Powerful Symbol of the Swastika and its 12,000 Year History, The notorious and much feared ancient order of Hashshashins. The mighty Gravensteen Castle in the center of Ghent is one of the largest moated castles in Europe. Medieval Ghent was one of the largest and most prosperous cultural and commercial ports throughout Europe. The survivor of destruction today recalls the significance that Ghent had for centuries. The Counts of Flanders dominated the region for most of the Middle Ages . View of Gravensteen castle in the heart of old town Ghent in East Flanders. The castle served as the seat of the Counts of Flanders until they abandoned it in the 14th century. In 1894 a thorough restoration followed turning the castle back into the appearance the architects thought it had during the time of Count Philip I. The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe. Since 1407, in the castle were located County Superior Court, the Council of Flanders, as well as a prison. In 1353 the Mint of Ghent was installed in the castle. The gatehouse is beautifully preserved, as are the walls’ ramparts which are up to 60 feet high (20 m) with many oval battlements and towers. In total there are two dozen turret towers on the ramparts, and it is possible to walk the full extent of the walls to enjoy the views of the beautiful city of Ghent. . Gravensteen Castle is located on the edge of Ghent’s Old City, about 30 miles west of Brussels. The castle served as the seat of the Counts of Flanders until they abandoned it in the 14th century. What used to be the pantry now features the torture equipment, which is displayed in a suggestive executioner's cabinet. The Counts rebuilt their stronghold in stone in the Gothic style and it is thought to have been completed in the reign of Count Phillip of Alsace. In 1407 also the Council of Flanders moved in and used part of the castle as a prison. To satisfy those with a more gory turn-of-mind, but also to give voice to the castle’s violent history, Gravensteen houses a collection of torture instruments actually used through the ages. The museum of judicial objects features a guillotine, thumb screws, and a rack – all examples of instruments used in the castle to obtain “justice” between the 14 th and 18 th centuries. Gravensteen Castle Belgium , Europe , Ghent We’d only been in Ghent for half an hour, with no knowledge of what to see or do, when we saw Castle Gravensteen … Oxford University Press, Available at: https://books.google.ie/books?hl=en&lr=&id=QvSovOY_VV0C&oi=fnd&pg=PR5&dq=gravensteen+castle++history+of+flanders&ots=UHcq40cGir&sig=kruo9u0GowLwYk9gLNbEImF2RtM&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=gravensteen%20castle%20%20history%20of%20flanders&f=false>, Laleman, M. C. (2013). From then on, the Castle of the Counts was known as the Cité Hulin, after the son-in-law of Jean-Denis Brismaille, who then owned most of the houses in the Castle of the Counts. The name means "castle of the count" in Dutch. Adress: Sint-Veerleplein, Ghent, Belgium. The Gravensteen is the Dutch name for the 'castle of the count'. When I visited I was stunned by the beautiful interiors in the castle, really a must-see. Source In the early 19th century, the castle was used as a prison, a courthouse, and, at … For many years Gravensteen, a massive Gothic castle, was the heart of the region. Medieval and Modern Matters, 4, 109-118, Available at:   https://www.brepolsonline.net/doi/abs/10.1484/J.MMM.5.109772, Lepage, J. D. G. (2010). It then became a tourist spot. These relics date back to an era when the region was a major economic and political center under the Counts of Flanders. See exhibitions, opening hours, admission prices, reviews and more! The first fortification at this site, a sand dune with swampy borders inbetween the anabranches of the River Leie, was built in the mid-9th century by Baldwin I, the first Count of Flanders, to fight off Viking raids. It was built in 1180 by count Philip of Alsace and was modeled after the crusaders castles that Philip of Alsace encountered while he participated in the second crusade. Mr. Vervoordt used to open his castle to the public two times a year. 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