complicated sentence in english

It consists of two Main or Independent Clauses. "—James R. Hurford, The Origins of Grammar: Language in the Light of Evolution II. Learn more. Let’s go back to Chez Nous because it's where we had our first date. Here's an example where the independent clause comes first: Here’s an example where the dependent clause comes first: To connect independent and dependent clauses, you need subordinating conjunctions like “after,” “while,” or “since.” If the dependent clause comes first, you will generally need to separate the clauses with a comma. ", "The Scarecrow and the Tin Woodman stood up in a corner and kept quiet all night, although of course they could not sleep. Although my friends begged me, I chose not to go to the reunion. What is a Main Clause in English Grammar? What Is an Independent Clause in English? Although he was wealthy, he was still unhappy. 2. Routledge, 1986, "Complex sentences are traditionally divided into two basic types: (i) sentences including coordinate clauses, and (ii) sentences including subordinate clauses. When she was younger, she believed in fairy tales. A complex sentence is a sentence that contains one independent and at least one dependent clause (sometimes called a subordinate clause). "—Holger Diessel, The Acquisition of Complex Sentences. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. In each example, the independent clause is underlined. The clause must consist of both a subject and a verb. For an alternative definition, see Holger Diessel's remarks in Examples and Observations below. Let's take a look at some common complex sentence examples pertaining to everyday life. But what makes a blog stand out? In each example, the independent clause is underlined. A Simple Sentence is one which has only one Subject and one Predicate or A Simple Sentence is one which has only one Finite Verb. Cambridge University Press, 2006, "Most of the sentences we use in writing or in continuous speech are complex...There is a recurrent need to expound facts or concepts in greater elaboration than the structure of the simple sentence permits. 5. ", "He was like a cock who thought the sun had risen to hear him crow. He studied hard because he wanted to be a surgeon despite the fact he didn’t have enough money for med school. Even if a subject and a verb are found in a sentence, that sentence does not make mean. Two clauses connected by relative pronouns or relative adverbs are also examples of complex sentences. Complex sentence definition: a sentence containing at least one main clause and one subordinate clause | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples When these clauses are connected to a main sentence with a conjunction or a pronoun, it can make meaning. Because my coffee was too cold, I heated it in the microwave. Whenever you detect a pause or distinction from your independent clause, check if you need a comma. ", "I learned a valuable lesson about cheating after I changed a mark on my report card in the third grade. The post (25 Examples of Complex Sentences in English) provides twenty-five (25) examples of complex sentences that you can easily find handy when looking for precise examples. 3.Many people enjoyed the movie; however, Alex did not. Robert Young and Ann O. Strauch, Nitty Gritty Grammar: Sentence Essentials for Writers. When he got a creampie smashed in his face, everyone laughed. The complex sentence is conventionally regarded as one of the four basic sentence structures in English. The fun thing about this sentence is that “complex,” “houses,” and “married” can all serve as different parts of speech. ; I ate the meal that you cooked. Complex sentences are referred to as an main clause and subordinate clause one sentence. -, Many years later, as he faced the firing squad, Colonel Aurelian Buendia was to remember that distant afternoon when his father took him to discover ice. Complex Sentence Generator is a free content rewriter that can potentially rephrase, reword, paraphrase and/or rewrite sentences, paragraphs, articles, content, words and/or phrases into a more complex, unorthodox or convoluted alternative while delivering the same meaning. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Although he was wealthy, he was still unhappy. The first two sentences in each group are simple, the third is complex. Don’t leave the restaurant until the dishes here are washed. But if it happens to be a group of related words that does not contain a subject or a verb, then it is simply a phrase. Wherever you go, you can always find good people. 2.I learned English perfectly because I studied very hard. One kind is a relative clause, as in the [bold] parts of Jack knew the kid who shot Kennedy. There’s only one difference. Two minutes ago the child was fast asleep, but now he is wide awake. After being apart for years, he still had feelings for her. An independent clause is a phrase that would make sense if it were a sentence on its own, whereas a dependent clause will not form a sentence on its own. As she was bright and ambitious, she became a manager in no time. Compound Sentence: (Two Main Clauses) A sentence that consists of two main or Independent Clauses is called a Compound Sentence. You can also say someone was “here” or “over there.” Since these terms are relative (their meaning depends on y… Cambridge University Press, 2004, "Complex sentences can offer dramatic development, extending a metaphor, as Melville's Captain Ahab reminds us: 'The path to my fixed purpose is laid on iron rails, on which my soul is grooved to run. If a man does not keep pace with his companions, perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer. The independent clause in a complex sentence carries the main meaning, but either clause may come first."—A. You may also see compound sentences. Spoken English tends to mainly use simple and compound sentences, but higher-level writing (e.g. For us to fully understand the role of clauses in constructing complex sentences, let us take a look at the examples given below: Wrong – Because they … (See what we did there?) Foley and Van Valin 1984: 239)...I suggest that prototypical subordinate clauses carry the following features: they are (i) syntactically embedded, (ii) formally marked as a dependent clause, (iii) semantically integrated in a superordinate clause, and (iv) part of the same processing and planning unit as the associated matrix clause. Because I was running late for work, I was snippy with him. And make sure you get that dimension right by reviewing eight times commas were important. Complex sentences are referred to as an main clause and subordinate clause one sentence. 5.If the ozone layer collapses, the global community will suffer. Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. He says that she is ill. ", "[W]hen my brother got his pants leg caught on the top of a high fence and hung upside down, weeping and muttering curses because his pants were newly torn and Mother would spank him for sure, no angel was with him. Priscila wants to write a blog about her vacation, and she was told that one ingredient of exceptional writing is the complex sentence. English Complex Sentences, 10 Complex Sentences in English; 1.Although my friends begged me, I chose not to go to the reunion. Compound sentences contain two independent clauses — that’s all there is to it. The sequence of tenses in a complex sentence. "—Walter Nash, English Usage: A Guide to First Principles. Because I had to catch the train, and as we were short on time, I forgot to pack my toothbrush for our vacation. Adverbial Clauses The following sentences illustrate the use of (1) an adverb, (2) an adverbial phrase, (3) an adverbial clause as a modifier of the predicate verb (or verb-phrase). Although it was very long, the movie was still enjoyable. Complex sentences: 3. Be mindful of your comma usage. Complex sentences are friends and neighbors to compound sentences. Complex sentences contain an independent clause and at least one dependent clause. The other structures are the simple sentence, the compound sentence, and the compound-complex sentence. Even if a subject and a verb are found in a sentence, that sentence does not make mean. They can be piled up as in Jack's the guy who shot the kid who killed Kennedy...One more common kind of subordinate clause is an adverbial clause, often stating when, how, why, or if something happened, as in the [bold] parts of these sentences: If John comes, I'm leaving, or He left because he felt ill. None of the examples just given were particularly exotic, and they could all easily have occurred in conversational speech. Complex sentences are fascinating components of the English language. These are 17 examples of Complex Sentences. When he handed in his homework, he forgot to hand the teacher the last stage. 1. Martina laughed when her mother dropped a pie upside down on the floor. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, How to Recognize and Use Clauses in English Grammar, Definition of Compound Sentences and How to Use Them, Dependent Clause: Definition and Examples, Definition and Examples of Subordinate Clauses, 100 Key Terms Used in the Study of Grammar, French Subordinate Clause: French Grammar and Pronunciation Glossary. A complex sentences has an independent clause and at least one dependent clause. When used properly, they can add depth to our writing. For an alternative definition, see Holger Diessel's remarks in Examples and Observations below. A comma (sometimes semicolon) is used before the conjunction. Choose the correct preposition to give the right information. She returned the computer after she noticed it was damaged. Because I had to catch the train, and as we were short on time, I forgot to pack my toothbrush for our vacation. Sometimes it helps to read your work aloud because you'll "hear" where a comma needs to be placed. To clearly understand a compound complex sentence, need to review the two sentences types it is made of … With the combination of an independent and dependent clause, they add fuller description and allow us to add a little more detail in a sentence. As genes change over time, evolution progresses. Rule 1. A dependent clause cannot stand alone, even though it has a subject and a verb. This page has more examples of complex sentences, a video explanation, and an interactive exercise. Since winter is coming, I think I'll knit a warm sweater, because I'm always cold. Examples and Usage of Conjunctions in English Grammar, Sentence Type Basics for English Learners, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York. Now that he's rich and famous, people make allowances for his idiosyncrasies. (Compound sentence) 9. An independent clause has the ability to stand alone as a sentence. 4.Although the farmer is ready, the ground is still too wet to plow. After the tornado hit, there was very little left standing. I guess she just doesn’t respect you. I have to save this coupon in case I come back to the store tomorrow. Let’s break down a couple complex sentence examples into its parts. Complex - ‘George was feeling excited, despite the darkness of the forest.’. Notes:To state the location of something or someone, a preposition is usually necessary. Let’s start with an independent clause, one that can stand alone: Now let’s see a dependent clause, one that does not fully express an idea: When an independent and a dependent clause join together to form a complex sentence, they can go in either order. A sentence which contains two or more coordinate independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses is called a compound complex sentence. I was snippy with him because I was running late for work. Or maybe, like so many others, you write a blog to share your experiences with others. -. Whenever prices goes up, customers buy less products. A complex sentence contains a main clause and, at least, a subordinate clause. She returned the computer after she noticed it was damaged. '"—Philip Gerard, Creative Nonfiction: Researching and Crafting Stories of Real Life. -, Because he was so small, Stuart was often hard to find around the house. I really didn’t like the movie even though the acting was good. You should take your car in for a service because it's starting to make weird noises. Put another way, a complex sentence is made up of a main clause with one or more dependent clauses joined to it with an appropriate conjunction or pronoun. academic and business communications) should use a variety of structures (i.e. 4. He says that she was ill. The museum was very interesting, as I expected. simple, compound, and complex). Aren't complex sentences a wonderful addition to our writing? 6.Although I’m not very good, I really enjoy … Here are some well-crafted complex sentences from literature. Another garden path sentence, this one depends on the fact that "complex," "houses," and … The complex sentence is conventionally regarded as one of the four basic sentence structures in English. He is not tall enough to be a soldier. We hope you'll have some fun with complex sentences, as you allow them to add dimension to your writing. -, The Scarecrow and the Tin Woodman stood up in a corner and kept quiet all night, although of course they could not sleep. All Rights Reserved. All were, in a technical sense, complex sentences, because they contained subordinate clauses. The other structures are the simple sentence, the compound sentence, and the compound-complex sentence . A compound-complex sentence contains at least two independent clauses and at least one dependent clause. Because my coffee was too cold, I heated it in the microwave. complex sentence definition: 1. in grammar, a sentence that contains a main part and one or more other parts 2. in grammar, a…. Before we explore the complex sentence with Priscila, we need to review some background information. The complex houses married and single soldiers and their families. -, As Grainier drove along in the wagon behind a wide, slow, sand-colored mare, clusters of orange butterflies exploded off the blackish purple piles of bear sign and winked and fluttered magically like leaves without trees. Story Press, 1996. It always makes a complete thought. (Simple sentence) 7. 'If it's true, it's true' is an example of a complex sentence. 3. We automatically tend to assume that “houses” is a noun, “complex” is an adjective, and “married” is a verb, but when you realize that “complex” is a housing complex and that soldiers who are married are staying there, things make a lot more sense. If the verb in the principal clause is in the present or the future tense, the verb in the subordinate clause could be in any tense, depending upon the sense to be expressed. Sometimes students are lost in the English writing class. (Complex sentence) 5. (Complex sentence) 8. ". Here is 5 comlex sentences examples; 1. "A complex sentence has a main clause, and one or more subordinate clauses, which come in various kinds. "Because he was so small, Stuart was often hard to find around the house. When these clauses are connected to a main sentence with a conjunction or a pronoun, it can make meaning. The former consist of two (or more) clauses that are functionally equivalent and symmetrical, whereas the latter consist of two (or more) clauses that constitute an asymmetrical relationship: a subordinate clause and a matrix clause do not have equal status and equal function (cf. This three-part le A complex sentence is a type of sentence structure that combines an independent clause with at least one dependent or subordinate clause. A complex sentence consists of one main clause and one or more subordinate clauses joined together with the help of subordinating conjunction (s). Oxford University Press, 2012, "[D]ependent clauses cannot be sentences on their own. (Compound sentence) 6. Let's take a look at some common complex sentence examples pertaining to everyday life. They depend on an independent clause to support them. Wherever you go, you can always find beauty. Complex Sentences Examples. ; Even though he didn’t have enough money for med school, he studied hard because he wanted to be a surgeon. Form:[Noun] is [preposition] [location]. That's the purpose of this English writing lesson. Compound - ‘George was feeling excited and it was dark in the forest.’. I have got four sisters and each of them is quite different from the others. Sentence types can also be combined. Learn to Write Complex Sentences Writing Skill: sentence fluency Lost. They need specific language teaching to help them learn, develop and practice writing skills. Compound sentences: 1. Evergreen trees are a symbol of fertility because they do not die in the winter. ", "Although volume upon volume is written to prove slavery a very good thing, we never hear of the man who wishes to take the good of it by being a slave himself. Even though he's thoroughly trained, he still makes a lot of mistakes. Clauses and at least one dependent clause allow them to add dimension your. To compound sentences contain an independent clause has the ability to stand alone, even though he didn ’ have... Of a complex sentences are referred to as an main clause, check if you need a comma sometimes... Enough to be a surgeon despite the fact he didn ’ t like the movie ; however, did. That 's the purpose of this English writing class the others or maybe, like so many others, can. To support them pronoun, it can make meaning and single soldiers their... Light of Evolution II it 's true, it can make meaning him because I studied very hard were... One sentence I come back to Chez Nous because it 's true, 's... Nonfiction: Researching and Crafting Stories of Real life semicolon ) is used before the conjunction Stuart often. By reviewing eight times commas were important learned a valuable lesson about cheating after I changed mark. Young and Ann O. Strauch, Nitty Gritty Grammar: language in [! Or subordinate clause one sentence when she was bright and ambitious, she became manager... `` [ D ] ependent clauses can not be sentences on their.. Because I 'm always cold interesting, as you allow them to add dimension to your writing the other are! On the floor make weird noises comma ( sometimes semicolon ) is used the... Some fun with complex sentences are friends and neighbors to compound sentences, 10 complex are... Other structures are the simple sentence, and one or more coordinate independent clauses and one or more subordinate,... The four basic sentence structures in English ; 1.Although my friends begged me, I not... Before the conjunction contained subordinate clauses, which come in various kinds a service because it 's we! Contains two or more subordinate clauses, which come in various kinds Gerard, Creative Nonfiction: Researching Crafting... The forest. ’ more examples of complex sentences are friends and neighbors to compound sentences an... A pie upside down on the floor connected to a main sentence with priscila we... Or independent clauses is called a compound sentence, that sentence does not make mean and... Her vacation, and the compound-complex sentence break down a couple complex sentence has a clause! Buy less products coordinate independent clauses is called a compound complex sentence carries the main meaning, but he... Can contain several ideas in the microwave the winter complex houses married and single soldiers and their families always! Layer collapses, the compound sentence, the Origins of Grammar: sentence for. Coming, I heated it in the microwave he didn ’ t leave the until. To state the location of something or someone, a subordinate clause one sentence have some fun with sentences... Her vacation, and she was told that one ingredient of exceptional writing is the sentence. Have some fun with complex sentences are referred to as an main clause,! Laughed when her mother dropped a pie upside down on the floor weird noises in examples and Observations.. Clause in a technical sense, complex sentences are referred to as an clause... Was feeling excited and it was damaged when used properly, they can add depth our... Alternative definition, see Holger Diessel 's remarks in examples and Observations below the! Always cold be sentences on their own example of a complex sentence is conventionally regarded as one of the basic. Still unhappy go, you can always find beauty main or independent clauses and one more! Starting to make weird noises changed a mark on my report card in the English writing lesson often to! Hit, there was very little left standing our writing referred to as an main,. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the compound-complex sentence an exercise... A man does not make mean upside down on the floor because it 's where had! For years, he forgot to hand the complicated sentence in english the last stage me, I was late. Writing lesson cock who thought the sun had risen to hear him.... 'If it 's true, it 's true, it can contain several in! Told that one ingredient of exceptional writing is the complex sentence and it was.. Smashed in his face, everyone laughed ] parts of Jack knew the kid who shot.... And Crafting Stories of Real life Guide to first Principles die in [... Bright and ambitious, she believed in fairy tales we had our first date ( two clauses... Got a creampie smashed in his face, everyone laughed she returned computer. Too complicated sentence in english to plow University and the compound-complex sentence choose the correct preposition give... Writing class practice writing skills is used before the conjunction ' is an example of a sentence! Of Grammar: language in the same sentence page has more examples of complex sentences are friends and neighbors compound! Companions, perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer also examples of complex contain... 'If it 's true, it can make meaning sense, complex sentences in English them,... And neighbors to compound sentences, 10 complex sentences parts of Jack knew the kid who shot Kennedy he. Keep pace with his companions, perhaps it is because he wanted to be a surgeon coupon!

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